At that time
Surrey would have been very deeply wooded. Deciduous forests of alder, ash, elm, hazel,
lime and oak would have swarmed with deer, elk, boar and oxen.
Animals common during the warm periods
that would have been hunted by early man in this locality.
Image courtesy of Geographic Museum,
The few early stone-age humans would have scavenged for berries, nuts, roots, eggs and any wild animals
they could have killed. They may well have been nomadic; following their
prey. They would have worn skins and lived in simple
shelters made of grass and branches.
From about 3000 years ago , the original ‘hunting and gathering’ inhabitants
adopted a culture which knew how to fashion agricultural
tools, who could plough, sow and grow crops, domesticate animals, make huts, weave
cloth and make clay pots.
Industry and Agriculture
The light sandy
soils of this part of Surrey were ideal for their wooden ploughs and hence it is likely
that the areas which are now heathland were the earliest to be cleared.
The best evidence of Neolithic human habitation
in this area has come
from evidence of flint working and tool usage. Large numbers of flint flakes have been found
in the upper Windle Brook valley.
Our heathlands could easily have had homesteads comprising simple huts.
Earthwork entrenchments would be dug to protect the nightly or seasonal roundup
of flocks and cattle. It is possible that earthwork enclosures, similar to that
in Albury Bottom on Chobham Common, could have been constructed for this